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dr kalam completed his aerospace engineering degree from which institute

Kalam met the deadline, impressing the Dean, who later said to him, "I was putting you under stress and asking you to meet a difficult deadline". …, करके सोचकर लिखिए।प्रश्न 10- आप की समझ में सरकारी अस्पताल बेहतर है अथवा प्राइवेट ,कारण सहित लिखो।​, only girle come fast then I will show code: qxg-wppg-xgc​. This was most strikingly evident in the second-to-last book he published, presciently titled Transcendence: My Spiritual Experiences with Pramukh Swami". [57][58] Kalam acted on only one mercy plea in his five-year tenure as president, rejecting the plea of rapist Dhananjoy Chatterjee, who was later hanged. He always had a passion to convey what is in his mind to the young generation", adding that his death left a vacuum which none could fill. [142] Kalam stated that he was inspired by Pramukh Swami throughout their numerous interactions. His term lasted from 25 July 2002 to 25 July 2007.[38]. [82] The protesters were hostile to his visit as they saw him as a pro-nuclear scientist and were unimpressed by the assurances he provided regarding the safety features of the plant. [143] Summarising the effect that Pramukh Swami had on him, Kalam stated that "[Pramukh Swami] has indeed transformed me. "[112] Other international leaders—including former Indonesian president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak, Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, President of the United Arab Emirates Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, and Vice-President and Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates and emir of Dubai Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum—also paid tribute to Kalam. In 1962, Kalam joined the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). "The outpouring of grief around the world is a testament of the respect and inspiration he has garnered during and after his presidency. [50], During his term as president, he was affectionately known as the People's President,[51][52][53] saying that signing the Office of Profit Bill was the toughest decision he had taken during his tenure. [28] Kalam and Dr V S Arunachalam, metallurgist and scientific adviser to the Defence Minister, worked on the suggestion by the then Defence Minister, R. Venkataraman on a proposal for simultaneous development of a quiver of missiles instead of taking planned missiles one after another. He taught information technology at the International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad, and technology at Banaras Hindu University and Anna University. While delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management Shillong, Kalam collapsed and died from an apparent cardiac arrest on 27 July 2015, aged 83. [45], The polling for the presidential election began on 15 July 2002 in Parliament and the state assemblies, with the media claiming that the election was a one-sided affair and Kalam's victory was a foregone conclusion; the count was held on 18 July. His research and educational leadership brought him great laurels and prestige in the 1980s, which prompted the government to initiate an advanced missile programme under his directorship. "[130][144] Following Kalam's death a month after his final book was released, co-author Arun Tiwari pointed to this passage as potentially prophetic and premonitory of Kalam's death. May he rest in peace and eternity", Ban wrote in his message. "Suitably named 'the People's President', Dr. Kalam's humility and dedication to public service served as an inspiration to millions of Indians and admirers around the world. I was thinking what message I can give to the people of the country at this juncture. [140] Kalam also enjoyed writing Tamil poetry, playing the veena (an ancient Indian string instrument),[141] and listening to Carnatic devotional music every day. Pramukh Swami's answer—to add a sixth area developing faith in God and spirituality to overcome the current climate of crime and corruption—became the spiritual vision for the next 15 years Kalam's life, which he describes in his final book, Transcendence: My Spiritual Experiences with Pramukh Swamiji, published just a month before his death. A. St. Joseph's College B. In 1982, he rejoined DRDO as the Chief Executive of Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP). [43] Kalam said of the announcement of his candidature: I am really overwhelmed. [37], Kalam served as the 11th President of India, succeeding K. R. Narayanan. The UN joins the people of India in sending our deepest condolences for this great statesman. Acrylic paintings about his life are also displayed along with hundreds of portraits depicting the life of the mass leader. [11][27] Between the 1970s and 1990s, Kalam made an effort to develop the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and SLV-III projects, both of which proved to be successful. "[128][132] Such early exposure convinced Kalam that the answers to India's multitudinous issues lay in "dialogue and cooperation" among the country's religious, social, and political leaders. Dr. Abdul Kalam attended Saint Joseph's College in Tiruchirappalli, graduating with a degree in physics in 1954. The flight landed at Palam Air Base that afternoon and was received by the President, the Vice-President, the Prime Minister, Chief Minister of Delhi Arvind Kejriwal, and the three service chiefs of the Indian Armed Forces, who laid wreaths on Kalam's body. Over 350,000 people attended the last rites, including the Prime Minister, the governor of Tamil Nadu and the chief ministers of Karnataka, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh. Ignited Minds. He was born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu and studied physics and aerospace engineering. Dr. Abdul Kalam's experience in defense research, tenure as Chief Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister, and pivotal role as Secretary of the DRDO (1992-1999) earned him the reputation of being the country's top nuclear scientist. The first call for applicants was announced on Friday, 12 March 2016, for the fellowship which will enable up to 6 Indian PhD students and post-doctoral researchers to work with US host institutions for a period of 6–12 months. In the 1970s, Kalam also directed two projects, Project Devil and Project Valiant, which sought to develop ballistic missiles from the technology of the successful SLV programme. [9] His father had also impressed upon the young Kalam the value of interfaith respect and dialogue. Dr. It only reflects their love and affection for me and the aspiration of the people. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (/ ˈ æ b d əl k ə ˈ l ɑː m / (); 15 October 1931 – 27 July 2015) was an Indian aerospace scientist and politician who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. [24], After graduating from the Madras Institute of Technology in 1960, Kalam joined the Aeronautical Development Establishment of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (by Press Information Bureau, Government of India) as a scientist after becoming a member of the Defence Research & Development Service (DRDS). His death is an irreparable loss not only to India but to the entire world. Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1954) and Dr Zakir Hussain (1963) were the earlier recipients of Bharat Ratna who later became the President of India. Abdul Kalam", "APJ Abdul Kalam speaks to Editorial Director M.J. Akbar about presidential elections 2012 : INTERVIEW – India Today", "Dr Abdul Kalam, People's President in Sri Lanka", "Bio-data: Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam", "APJ Abdul Kalam, the unconventional President who learnt the art of the political", "How two orthodox Brahmins played a crucial role in APJ Abdul Kalam's childhood", "Day before death, Kalam enquired about elder brother's health", "Not aware of any will left by Kalam: nephew", "Kalam meets the teacher who moulded him", "The boy from Rameswaram who became President", "Failed in my dream of becoming pilot: Abdul Kalam in new book", "Kalam tells students to follow their heart", "Koodankulam nuclear plant: A. P. J. Abdul Kalam's safety review has failed to satisfy nuke plant protestors, expert laments", "Now, 'Kalam-Raju tablet' for healthcare workers", "With him at the helm, there is hope that things might change", "SP to support Kalam for President's post", "NCP supports Kalam's candidature for presidentship", "Narayanan opts out, field clear for Kalam", "Presidential nominee Abdul Kalam files nomination papers", "Polling for presidential election begins", "A P J Kalam is sworn in as India's eleventh President", "APJ Abdul Kalam is people's president: Mamata Banerjee", "My toughest decision as president was returning the Office of Profit Bill to Parliament", "how a 110 years old became friend of APJ Kalam", "Signing office of profit bill was toughest decision: A P J Kalam", "APJ Abdul Kalam: The People's President", "President Kalam votes for uniform civil code", "Puri seer rallies for uniform civil code", "Kalam not to contest Presidential polls", "Talks under way on Presidential election", "Next President should be apolitical: Pawar", "Virtual world seeks second term for Abdul Kalam", "Race for Rashtrapati Bhawan: APJ Abdul Kalam a good choice, says SP; backs Pawar", "Kalam for President clicks on social networks", "Netizens campaign for second term to Kalam", "President poll: BJP rejects Pranab Mukherjee, Hamid Ansari, may back Kalam", "Presidential polls: We will not support Pranab Mukherjee, BJP says", "Prez poll: Mulayam, Mamata suggest APJ Kalam, Manmohan Singh, Somnath Chatterjee", "Mamata turns to Facebook, seeks support for Kalam", "Abdul Kalam not to contest presidential poll 2012", "Take part in movement against corruption: Kalam", "Dr Kalam's 'assurance' on nuclear power plants draws flak", "Kalam bats for Kudankulam but protesters unimpressed", "Abdul Kalam showed no signs of life when brought to hospital: Doctor", "Abdul Kalam, former president of India, passes away at 84", "End of an era: 'Missile man' APJ Abdul Kalam passes away after cardiac arrest", "Former President APJ Abdul Kalam Dies at 83", "11 Last Words of Famous People That Reflect Exactly What Life Was To Them", "Farewell Kalam!

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