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brices cross roads battle

Brice's Cross Roads. The large field to the Union front, about 2,000 feet northeast of the crossroads, was surrounded by blackjack and scrub oak, beyond which the ground was heavily timbered. As a result, Sherman in late May ordered Sturgis out of Memphis and into North Mississippi with a force of just over 8,000 men. This accounted for Major-General Forrest's capture of the artillery and supplies. Forrest inflicted heavy casualties on the Federal force and captured more than 1,600 prisoners of war, 18 artillery pieces, and wagons loaded with supplies. The remainder of the Federal cavalry arrived in support, but a strong Confederate assault soon pushed them back at 11:30 a.m., when the balance of Forrest's Cavalry Corpsarrived on the scene. The Confederate cavalrymen pursued the rapidly retreating Yankees several miles toward Memphis. It was the South's most productive arsenal after Richmond and a critical transportation hub: Four railroads radiating from the city carried supplies to their forces. [8], The Civil War Trust (a division of the American Battlefield Trust) and its partners, including BCNBC, have been acquiring and preserving land at Brices Cross Roads since 1996, when the Trust's predecessor organization, the Association for the Preservation of Civil War Sites (APCWS), acquired and preserved 797.7 acres - about two-thirds of the battlefield - in two purchases. Donations to the Trust are tax deductible to the full extent allowable under the law. Battle of Brice's Cross Roads Marker. Brices Cross Roads National Battlefield Site, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Western Theater of the American Civil War, General in Chief of the Armies of the United States, Battery "E", 1st Illinois Light Artillery Regiment, 6th Independent Battery Indiana Light Artillery, Battery "B", 2nd Illinois Light Artillery Regiment, 55th United States Colored Infantry Regiment, 59th United States Colored Infantry Regiment, 7th Independent Battery Wisconsin Light Artillery, Troop engagements of the American Civil War, 1864, https://www.battlefields.org/learn/civil-war/battles/brices-cross-roads, "Lost Confederate burial site discovered", "Protecting Sherman's Lifeline: The Battles of Brices Cross Roads and Tupelo 1864", University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Update to the Civil War Sites Advisory Commission Report on the Nation's Civil War Battlefields Final DRAFT – State of Mississippi, List of Union Civil War monuments and memorials, List of memorials to the Grand Army of the Republic, List of Confederate monuments and memorials, Removal of Confederate monuments and memorials. [5], Sherman began his Atlanta Campaign during the first week of May, moving slowly south while battling Confederate forces under General Joseph E. Johnston, an excellent defensive fighter. In 1863 Federal armies won important victories at Vicksburg, Gettysburg, and Chattanooga.In the spring of 1864 the Federal mission was to bisect the South from Chattanooga, Tennessee, to the Atlantic coast at Savannah, Georgia. Save 36 Acres at Two Virginia Taverns, Save 40 Acres of the American Revolution Southern Theater, Kentuckians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation, Virginians: Support Battlefield Preservation Legislation. Sherman, who suspected the Confederate cavalry leader would cause havoc behind … Show your pride in battlefield preservation by shopping in our store. Battle of Brice's Cross Roads Marker. The Mississippi Final Stands Interpretive Center in Baldwyn interprets the June 1864 Battle of Brice's Cross Roads, and also the July 1864 Battle of Tupelo. The battle started at 10:30 a.m. when the Confederates performed a stalling operation with a brigade of their own. The battle of Brice’s Crossroads became a celebrated Confederate victory; it cemented Forrest’s reputation as a great leader and fighter, while also helping to secure North Mississippi under southern control, at least for the moment. The 55th United States Colored Troops (USCTs) and 59th USCT covered Sturgis's retreat, preventing a route and allowing the Federal force to remain relatively intact. The American Battlefield Trust and our members have saved more than 53,000 acres in 24 states! A Series of Papers Read Before the Minnesota Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States 1903-1908. vol. When Forrest's 2nd Tennessee Cavalry, on a wide flanking move, captured the bridge over Tishimongo Creek in Sturgis' rear, the Union force fell back. Forrest ordered the rest of his cavalry to converge around the cross roads. A Federal expedition from Memphis, Tennessee, of 4,800 infantry and 3,300 cavalry, under the command of Brigadier-General Samuel D. Sturgis, was defeated by a Confederate force of 3,500 cavalry under the command of Major-General Nathan B. The Brice's Crossroads Museum is in Baldwyn, Mississippi, just over a mile from the battlefield. [4][2], During the four-month Atlanta Campaign, the U.S. Army advanced steadily, but in the process extended their supply lines that stretched back to Nashville, Tennessee. [2] The battle was a victory for the Confederates. Divisions of the American Battlefield Trust: The American Battlefield Trust is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. This is the spot where the Brice family house once stood. The National Park Service erected and maintains monuments and interpretive panels on a small 1-acre (4,000 m2) plot at the cross roads. Grierson called for infantry support and Sturgis obliged. Additionally, the horses pulling the trains were poorly fed because there had been little in the way of forage for them to eat along the way. Mathes, James Harvey. Battle of Brice's Cross Roads or Tishimingo Creek June 10, 1864 which resulted in a victory for the Confederate forces under Brigadier General N. B. Forrest Erected by The State of Mississippi. With assistance from the Civil War Trust, and the support of federal, state, and local governments, BCNBC has purchased for preservation over 1,420 acres (5.7 km2). Brice's Crossroads is considered one of the most beautifully preserved battlefields of the Civil War. Sturgis had a great deal of discretion in his movements, but was generally expected to "proceed to Corinth, Mississippi, by way of Salem and Ruckersville, capture any force that may be there, then proceed south, destroying the Mobile and Ohio Railroad to Tupelo and Okolona, and as far as possible toward Macon and Columbus. At 9:45 a.m., on June 10, a brigade of Benjamin H. Grierson's Cavalry Division reached Brices Cross Roads. Although the attack failed, it caused severe confusion among the U.S. troops, and Sturgis ordered a general retreat.

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