An unwarranted, extreme, and irrational fear of people and the society is called Anthropophobia. This could interfere with the day to day life since the persistent fear of ghosts could lead to lack of sleep, stress, poor social relations, and low performance in academics or work. Such children have terrifying thoughts of dying in school and try to avoid school to a great extent. Commonly known as “the fear of unknowns”, xenophobia is a fear induced when a person, or group of people, or situations are perceived as strange. The most common animals that induce fear in such people are lizards, frogs, cockroaches, maggots, snakes, rats, spiders, moths, and worms. They are much more than normal fear and around 50 million people in the US have a phobia. It is a common social phobia affecting nearly 2.5% of the population in the US. The lack of confidence in one’s own abilities leads to a fear called atychiphobia. They are much more than normal fear and around 50 million people in the US have a phobia. The symptoms include fainting, rapid heart rate, hiding in a closed space to avoid an encounter with such calamities, checking if the window, doors, and curtains are closed. This makes the person depend on his family or friends or public transport to drive him to places. They avoid driving, visualize dreadful images of driving, experience sweating, dry mouth, trembling, and sweaty hands. The fear of fat people is called cacomorphobia. An intense fear of moths is called mottephobia. A condition where mere image or sight of a chicken induces irrational fear is termed as alektorophobia. The person tries to avoid visiting the doctor irrespective of the severity of the medical condition he is going through. It is also evident in men, in some cases. An extreme fear of wasps is called spheksophobia. A condition where tall buildings, bridges, hills, balconies, or roller coasters induce extreme fear in a person is called acrophobia. Being one of the most common phobias, zoophobia is the fear of animals. Though people with this phobia are scared of tunnels, caves, or valleys, the fear is mainly associated with the depth of water bodies, especially the sea. Being closely related to the fear of marriage, gamophobia is the fear of commitment. Symptoms include avoiding public places, avoiding a handshake with people, refusing to use a public toilet, refusing to touch door knobs, and being addicted to using hand sanitizers. People with this phobia are usually scared of bees, wasps, and yellow jackets. Such people fear of embarrassing themselves while being anxious. The fear of depths is called bathophobia. As a result, he tends to be engaged in cleaning things around, most of the time, and spraying insecticides often. An irrational fear of light is called photophobia. People try to avoid social connections with the fear that they might appear old. In most of the cases, it is onset during childhood when the child is left without attention or left alone for a long phase. Many individuals experience this phobia and show extreme insecurity, anxiety, and depression when left alone. An irrational fear of ducks is called anatidaephobia. Extreme anxiety, loss of control, crying, sweating, and increased heart rate are some of the symptoms. Cynophobia is called as an irrational fear of dogs, where the individual tries to avoid situations where dogs are present. About 6% of the population in the US has this phobia. The thought of commitment dreads the person and he can go to greater lengths to avoid bringing up the topic. Normal fear of sharks is common due to their appearance and nature. Like other anxiety disorders, gamophobia also affects about 9–10% of the population in the US. A mere sight, thought, presence, or touch of balloons could induce palpitations, shortness of breath, shaking, trembling, and running away from the place.
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