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inca tern range

It is endemic to the area of the Humboldt Current. The young are grayish in color and fledge at about 4 weeks old. It's been documented that terns will pluck fish pieces from between the teeth of sea lions. The Inca tern inhabits South America’s west coast, from Ecuador to Peru and Chile. Inca terns follow fishing boats and often associate with whales and sea lions when feeding, stealing food from these fellow marine mammals. The Inca Tern's elaborate courtship includes a "high flight," with the male quickly ascending to several hundred feet, pursued by the female. They often return to the same nest site for several years in a row, and both parents incubate and care for the chicks. The Inca tern is a diurnal, gregarious species, living and nesting in large colonies numbering several thousand birds, often close to gull colonies. Inca Tern. With its long white moustache, found on both males and females, and its cackling call, the Inca tern is quite a character. The moustache length of the Inca tern seems related to its health. Range. Larosterna inca. The inca tern is an agile flier that will swoop and hover before diving after its prey. It sometimes plucks pieces of fish out from between sea lions’ teeth. All plumages … Charadriiformes. It breeds on coasts with sandy beaches and rocky cliffs, and may also frequent inshore guano islands and offshore islands near rocky coasts. It is mostly … Inca terns are native to the same region of South America as the ancient Inca Empire—hence their name. As far as seabirds go, the Inca tern is a colorful one. View on Map. It then swoops down to grab the fish in its bright red bill. Rats, cats, and other introduced predators on some islands also affect nesting and breeding success. Our site uses cookies to collect anonymous information about your use of our website. Found along rocky coasts and at harbors and piers where it is often confiding; less often found at sandy beaches and river mouths. Nests are on guano islands or sandy beaches and they choose deep rock crevices where there are many cavities and cliffs that offer good protection. This striking bird occupies part of the same habitat ruled by the ancient Inca Empire in South America. It is an adept flier that swoops and hovers before it dives after its prey. One of many Inca Terns (Larosterna inca), a seabird of the Peruvian Current, observed in the Bay of Panama during the summer of 1983. Donate to support ABC's conservation mission! The Inca tern inhabits South America’s west coast, from Ecuador to Peru and Chile. They also perform courtship feeding while following the female while flying, with a fish in their bill. the Inca Tern coincides with cessation of upwelling of the cold, nutrient-rich waters of the Peruvian Current off the west coast of South America Figure 1. Inca Tern. Estimated Wild Population . This bird is easily recognizable with its dark gray body, and red-orange beak and claws, and its lovely white moustache. It is the only member of the genus Larosterna. Geographic range: Larosterna inca: Islands off Peru and Chile; ranges rarely n to Ecuador; Source: Clements checklist. Northern Peru through southern Chile. Inca terns live on a diet of mostly fish and crustaceans, primarily minnows, squid and shrimp. Inca terns feed by plunge-diving from a height, after a brief flight above their prey, or by surface-dipping, whereby they swim or sit on the water and pick up prey from the surface. Reproduction: Inca tern breeding season lasts throughout the year, during which pairs nest in crevices and on cliffs. Identification record : Inca Tern (Larosterna inca) is a bird which belongs to the family of Laridés and the order of Charadriiformes. The Inca tern has mainly dark plumage, and three species that mainly eat insects, the black tern, white-winged tern, and black-bellied tern, have black underparts in the breeding season. The Inca tern is one of the world’s most beautiful and interesting birds. A member of the larosterna genus, the Inca tern is among the most colourful and elegant of sea birds. BIRD OF THE WEEK: 7/18/2014 SCIENTIFIC NAME: Larosterna inca POPULATION: 150,000 TREND: Decreasing HABITAT: Pacific coast from Peru to Chile; breeds on inshore islands and coastal cliffs. Juveniles are brown and only develop the mustache when they reach maturity. Inca terns have a dark gray body and a red beak and legs. Pairs choose a nest site in cliff hollows or fissures—sometimes even in the old nest burrow of a Humboldt Penguin. Feeds over coastal and inshore waters, dipping to pick food from near surface rather than plunge-diving like typical terns. Inca terns feed in a different depth of water to Humboldt penguins and thus the two are able to coexist. The double-whammy of over-fishing and excessive guano harvest—which eliminates nest sites—has been compounded by the effects of the El Niño cycle, which affects fish stocks.". Inca Tern: Scientific (Larosterna inca) Order: CHARADRIIFORMES: Family (Latin) Laridae: Family (English) Gulls, Terns, Skimmers: Other name(s) Regions: SA: Breeding Range Subregions: coastal n Peru to c Chile: Nonbreeding Range Subregions: Countries (BETA) map: Peru,Ecuador - mainland,Chile, Subspecies Inca Tern (Larosterna inca) Peruvian Thick-knee (Burhinus superciliaris) Chestnut-mandibled (Swainson’s) Toucan (Ramphastos ambiguus swainsonii) * Toco Toucan (Ramphastos toco) Reptiles and Amphibians. Unfortunately, their populations are declining quickly because of the loss of nesting sites. More Information. The Inca tern (Larosterna inca) is a tern in the family Laridae. Inca Terns are best known by their dashing white mustaches, which are found on both male and female birds. Inca Tern (Larosterna inca) Birds, Seabirds. Small fish; Easily recognizable by their mustache feathers, the length of these feathers is said to represent how healthy the bird is. Currently this species is classified as Near Threatened (NT) and their numbers today are decreasing. Peruvian Inca Tern. Inca Tern Larosterna inca Range. Axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum) Yellow-and-blue Poison Dart Frog (Dendrobates tinctorius) Green-and-black Poison Dart Frog (Dendrobates auratus) Terns range in size from the least tern, at 23 cm (9.1 in) in length and weighing 30–45 g (1.1–1.6 oz), to the Caspian ternat 48–56 cm (19–22 in), 500–700 g (18–25 oz). Inca Terns are best known by their dashing white mustaches, … 2. It occurs along the Pacific Coast from northern Peru to central Chile. 1-3 eggs are laid and incubation lasts for about 3-4 weeks. "Coastal Peru is a spectacular place to see vast numbers of Inca Terns and other seabirds such as Peruvian Boobies and Guanay Cormorants," said ABC Vice President Mike Parr. Like Least Terns, Inca Terns feed by plunge diving and surface dipping. Inca Tern on The IUCN Red List site -, http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/22694834/0. The red beak, red legs and characteristic white moustache of an Inca tern do not develop until they reach 1-2 years old. Ocean coasts and rocky islands. When sea lions catch fish and then haul out onto rocks in order to eat them, large flocks of Inca terns may hover above them and then plunge down and steal the chewed-up food out from between the teeth of the sea lions. Portraiture often attempts to capture the essence of the sitter—their emotions, their personality, their thoughts. Inca terns are carnivores (piscivores), they mainly eat the small anchovetta in the south-eastern Pacific Ocean, and they also eat crustaceans and offal.

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